Types of Mitigation Actions

A mitigation action is a specific action, project, activity, or process taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards and their impacts. Implementing mitigation actions helps achieve the plan’s mission and goals. The actions to reduce vulnerability to threats and hazards form the core of the plan and are a key outcome of the planning process.Types of Mitigation Actions

The primary types of mitigation actions to reduce long-term vulnerability are:

Local Plans and Regulations

Local land use or comprehensive plans embody the goals, values and aspirations of the community, as expressed through a process of community engagement (See Task 3:  Create an Outreach Strategy).  The plan should identify current development patterns and trends as well as areas where future development should and should not occur.  The plan should include policies and ordinances that steer development away from hazard-prone areas, such as floodplains, to avoid putting people and property at risk.  In some cases, local plans can work at cross-purposes.  For example, a capital improvement plan may call for extending water and sewer lines to an area that is vulnerable to natural hazards.  Emergency managers, planners and others in a community should coordinate in preparing plans to ensure consistency across plans; that is, consistent goals, policies, and strategies.

Local ordinances and review processes influence the way land and buildings are developed and built. Examples include:

  • Comprehensive plans
  • Land use ordinances
  • Subdivision regulations
  • Development review
  • Building codes and enforcement
  • NFIP Community Rating System
  • Capital improvement programs
  • Open space preservation
  • Stormwater management regulations and master plans

Plans, ordinances, policies and regulations should be mutually reinforcing. All should leave to the development of a more sustainable, resilient community.